Beginners guide to HTML & FTP

Home Page Beginners Guide to HTML & FTP

Getting started with HTML

Getting started with FTP

 

Getting started with FTP

What you will need:

The way files are transferred to the web server is called "FTP" (File Transport Protocol). You have access via FTP 24-hours a day. You can create and maintain your web pages on your own computer and upload files to  your web site at your leisure.

If you have a Zeuter Internet Account and need an FTP program, you can download software for either the PC or Mac below.

For the PC:

For the Mac:

  • Fetch ( this guide does not cover use of Fetch )

Microsoft FrontPage Users
If Microsoft FrontPage extensions are installed on your sites. You should use only the FrontPage publishing feature to transfer files. Using regular FTP can corrupt the extensions, disabling the functionality of the FrontPage web and  requiring that your site be deleted to reinstall the extensions.

 

Configuring Your FTP Software

The following information is needed to connect to your web site via FTP:

  • Zeuter Username
  • Zeuter Password
  • Zeuter Hostname (www.zeuter.com)

The Zeuter Hostname tells your FTP software to connect to the web server where your web site resides. In general, the method to configure the various FTP software programs is the same. We recommend WS_FTP for PC computer users and will be using it in the upcoming examples.

Each time you run WS_FTP the Session Profile window will be displayed. A profile contains the information needed to connect to your web site. Creating a profile now will eliminate the need for you to configure the software each time you wish to connect to the web server via FTP. To create a new profile, click the "New" button and enter a  generic profile name at the top of the Session Profile window. Next, enter your Zeuter Username, Zeuter Password and Zeuter Hostname (www.zeuter.com) for your web site as illustrated below.


Fig. 1

Be sure to select "Auto detect" for the Host Type. (see Fig.1) It is best to  select "Save Password" and "Auto Save Config" to maintain these settings for future use. All other fields can be left blank. You are now ready to  connect to the web server. Click "Ok" to continue.

How to Transfer Files

When you connect to the web server, you will connect directly to your file storage directory for your account. WS_FTP will display a split screen where files on the left-hand side (Local System) are within your  own computer. (see Fig.2 below). Files and directories on right-hand side (Remote System) are located on the server.


Fig. 2

In order for your home page accessible to others on the Internet, you  must create a directory to hold the home page. public_html is the directory that will host your home page.

 To create the public_html directory, click "MkDir" on the right-hand side (Remote System) and type in "public_html" then click "Ok". Note public_html must be lower case. See fig. 3 below.

Fig. 3

Be sure to upload HTML documents and scripts in ASCII mode and images in BINARY mode. To transfer a file to a subdirectory,  double-click the appropriate subdirectory to open it before transferring the desired file(s).

Select the public_html directory you just created in the right-side and  then double-click on it. Select the home page file in the left-side (Local System) (see fig. 2) in this example index.html will be the file. Now click  the -> button located between  left and right-sides. The file will be transferred. As soon as a file is uploaded to the web server, it is available for all to see.

 Congratulations on creating your first home page!

Tell the world your page can be viewed at:

    http://www.zeuter.com/~username

If, after uploading a file, you are still unable to see the updated file via  Netscape, you need to clear both disk and browser cache. This function can be found by selecting Options > Network Preferences in Netscape. 


Acceptable File Names

To prevent errors, we suggest naming all files in lowercase. Spaces and  and special control characters are generally not a good idea. The underscore character ("_") is acceptable. You should avoid special  characters ( ! @ # $ % ^ & * : ' ) in file names. We suggest that you keep the length of file names to a minimum. The tilde (~) cannot be used in directory or file names.


Notes to Mac Users

  • Select "raw data" transfer mode when using Fetch to transfer both HTML and  images.
  • PageMill may add either a .bin or .txt extension to your files which must be removed in order for such files to load properly.


Viewing Web Pages in Netscape

Webmasters often modify an HTML document and re-upload it to the  server. After returning to their web browser they click RELOAD only to find the original document unchanged. This is a common occurrence for  Netscape users and is easily remedied by clearing the browser's disk cache. This can be done in Netscape under Options > Network Preferences.


What should I do if denied access via FTP?

  1. The FTP configurations may be incorrect.
  2. If you are denied access AFTER entering your Zeuter Username and Password, you may be using the wrong password.
  3. If you cannot connect at all, or connect and then "hang", there may be  problems with connectivity.Wait awhile and try again. If this problem persists contact support.

 

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